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MIDDLE EAST &
MEDITERRANEAN
 
         
 
 

 
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
     
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
                                             
 
EGYPT            Middle East & Mediterranean Enquiry Form
   
     
 
                                                           

The melting pot of many great civilizations throughout her history, Egypt still captivates the imagination of countless visitors. The Great Sphinx at Giza, overlooking the enigmatic Sphinx, captures the feeling and importance of long past civilizations. A journey down the Nile leads to the ancient city of Luxor with its famed Karnak Temple and the tomb of that legendary pharaoh, Tutankhamen, in the Valley of the Kings.

The modern visitor may be overwhelmed by the extensive history and culture all around them but Egypt today offers more than that.

Egypt holidays

The pristine beaches and unsurpassed dive sights of the Red Sea offer unparalleled opportunities to relax and indulge one self. Visit one of the Wonders of the World, the famed Suez Canal linking the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. Cairo, the capital, a bustling metropolis where ancient meets old, is an exciting city of varied cultures, taste and style. Shop for traditional carpets, brass, perfumes, spices, and copperware and leather where countless earlier travellers roamed.

Regions & Cities

Cairo
The Nile Valley
The Sinai Peninsula and the Red Sea

                                                           
Egypt holidays
 
WEATHER                  Back to top

Except for the Mediterranean coast the country experiences a desert climate, which is hot and dry most of the year, especially in the summer months (June to August). Winter is from December to February with average temperatures of 68°F to 79°F (20°C to 26°C).

Cairo

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Rainfall (mm)

5

4

4

1

1

0.2

0

0

0

1

2

6

Rainfall (inches)

0.2

0.1

0.1

0.1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0.1

0.2

Min Temp (°C)

9

10

12

15

18

21

22

22

21

18

14

11

Max Temp (°C)

18

20

23

28

32

34

34

33

32

29

24

19

Min Temp (°F)

48

50

54

59

64

70

72

72

70

64

57

52

Max Temp (°F)

64

68

73

82

90

93

93

91

90

84

75

66



The Nile Valley

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Min Temp (°C)

5

7

11

16

21

23

24

24

22

18

12

8

Max Temp (°C)

23

25

29

35

39

41

41

41

39

35

30

25

Min Temp (°F)

42

44

51

60

69

72

74

74

71

64

54

46

Max Temp (°F)

73

78

84

95

103

105

105

106

101

95

85

77



The Sinai Peninsula and the Red Sea

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Min Temp (°C)

13

14

14

18

24

27

27

27

26

23

19

16

Max Temp (°C)

24

26

25

29

33

37

38

38

34

30

28

23

Min Temp (°F)

56

57

57

64

75

80

80

80

79

73

66

61

Max Temp (°F)

75

78

77

84

91

99

101

100

93

86

82

73

                                                           

GOOD TO KNOW    Back to top

Approximation of what things cost?

  • Glass of wine:                      EGP 30
  • Glass of juice:                     EGP 20
  • Bottle of water:                    EGP 5
  • Coldrinks:                            EGP 8
  • Meal in a restaurant:            EGP 120
  • Meal in hotel:                       EGP 50

Sport & Activities
Diving
Nile Cruising

Time: Local time is GMT +2 (GMT +3 from last Friday in April to last Friday in September).

Electricity: Electrical current is 220 volts, 50Hz. European-style two-pin plugs are standard.

Money: The unit of currency is the Egyptian Pound (EGP), which is divided into 100 piastres. Most credit cards are accepted in major hotels and restaurants. Visitors are advised to take travellers cheques in US Dollars or Pounds to avoid additional exchange rate charges. Banks are usually closed on Friday and Saturday, but private exchange bureaux, called 'Forex', are open daily and banks in major hotels are open 24 hours. Cairo branches of the Egyptian British Bank and Banque Misr now have ATMs available that accept Visa, MasterCard and Cirrus and are quite common in the main tourist areas.

Approximate Currency Exchange Rates

EGP 1.00 =

USD 0.17

GBP 0.09

CAD 0.19

AUD 0.23

ZAR 1.23

EUR 0.14

NZD 0.28


Note: These rates are not updated daily and should be used as a guideline only. Please go to our Currency Converter for the latest rates.
                                                           

Language: Arabic is the official language although English and French are widely spoken, especially in the tourist areas.

Passport/Visa Note: Visa requirements change at short notice. With the exception of travellers from the US, Canada and EU countries, all visitors must register with the police within one week of arrival; this can usually be organised by a hotel. Passports must be valid for at least two months beyond the period of visit.

Health: There are a number of health risks associated with travel to Egypt and travellers should check that their inoculations are up-to-date before leaving. Typhoid, Hepatitis A and polio immunisation is recommended. Come prepared to beat the heat with a high factor sunblock, and drink plenty of water to combat dehydration. Drinking water in the main cities and towns is normally chlorinated but it is advisable to only drink bottled water. Traveller's diarrhoea is the most common form of illness for travellers; visitors should only eat thoroughly cooked food and fruits they have peeled themselves. The waters of the Nile are contaminated and should not be consumed or bathed in. A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travellers over one year of age coming from infected areas. Medical treatment can be expensive and standards vary so insurance is strongly advised, including evacuation. Medical facilities outside of Cairo can be very basic. Cases of bird flu have been reported, and human fatalities have resulted, and although the risk is low for travellers, all close contact with caged, domestic and wild birds should be avoided, and all poultry and egg dishes well cooked as a precaution.

Egypt holidays
Egypt holidays


Tipping: Tipping is known as 'baksheesh' and some small change is expected for most services, though small change can be hard to come by. 'Baksheesh' can be a useful practice in order to gain entry to seemingly inaccessible places, or for extra services- a small tip can open doors, literally. A service charge is added to most restaurant and hotel bills but a 5% tip is normally given directly to the waiter. Taxi drivers are tipped about 10%.

Safety: There is a significant threat from terrorism in Egypt. Security forces persist with their counter-terrorist operations on the Sinai Peninsula, and police continue to provide armed escorts for travellers in certain areas. Egyptian authorities warn that further incidents in Cairo are possible. In general, there are increased security measures at all tourist sites, and especially in resort areas on the Sinai Peninsula, but visitors should be alert and are advised to avoid political demonstrations and public gatherings. Developments in the region, including the conflict in Iraq, the tension between Israel and the Palestinians, and the Israeli offensive on Lebanon, continue to trigger demonstrations of public anger, and visitors are warned to be especially vigilant in public places; the mood at present is extremely anti-US, anti-Israel and anti-UN. Visitors to the cities and tourist sites will experience a fair amount of hassle and are advised not to carry more money on them than needed at a time. Women should take extra caution when travelling alone as there have been isolated incidents of harassment.

Customs: Egypt is a conservative society and visitors should respect local customs and sensitivities and dress modestly. For women especially, the wearing of long skirts or loose fitting trousers and covering the shoulders discourages physical and verbal attention. Religious customs should be respected, particularly during the month of Ramadan when eating, drinking and smoking during daylight hours should be discreet as it is forbidden by the Muslim culture.

Communications: The international access code for Egypt is +20. The outgoing code is 00 followed but the relevant country code (e.g. 0027 for South Africa). There are high surcharges on international calls from hotels; it is cheaper to phone long-distance from the 24-hour Post, Telephone and Telegraph (PTT) offices that are available in the major cities. The local mobile phone operators use GSM 900 networks and have roaming agreements with all major operators. Internet cafes are available in the main tourist areas.

Duty Free: Travellers arriving in Egypt do not have to pay customs duty on 200 cigarettes or 25 cigars or 200g tobacco; alcoholic beverages up to 1 litre; perfume for personal use and 1 litre of eau de cologne; and goods for consumption to the value of E₤100. Prohibited items include narcotics and drugs.

                                                           
CONTACT US

Please complete the Middle East & Mediterranean Enquiry Form and we'll come back to you with ideas and costs for a wonderful holiday in Egypt.
                                                           
                                                           
                                                           
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